The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger globally and by country and region. Calculated each year by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the GHI highlights successes and failures in hunger reduction and provides insights into the drivers of hunger.
The GHI ranks countries on a 100-point scale. Zero is the best score (no hunger), and 100 is the worst, although neither of these extremes is reached in practice. To reflect the multidimensional nature of hunger, the GHI combines three equally weighted indicators in one index number:
Over the past 10 years most countries have made significant achievements in the hunger reduction. However, some states have failed: in Swazilend, Timor-Leste, Moldova, Paraguay, Sudan, Iraq, Syria and Namibia the overall hunger index score has increased in 2014, compared to 2005 (see the heatmap at the bottom of the page).
Source: Global hunger index, 1990 - 2014
Following the recommendation of experts gathered in the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) Round Table on hunger measurement, hosted at FAO headquarters in September 2011, an initial set of indicators aiming to capture various aspects of food insecurity is presented on the dashboard. "High incomes, low spending on food relative to other outlays, and signiﬁcant investment in agricultural research and development (R&D) put these countries at the top of the rankings. Sub-Saharan African countries are the most food insecure. Burundi, Chad and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) take the bottom three spots. Each of these countries has done...
Due to the worst drought in the U.S. since 1956 and unfavorable weather conditions in the Black Sea region, world grain prices jumped in July. International Grain Counsil announced that its Grains and Oilseeds Index reached all-time high on July, 20th. If the situation around world grain supply continue deteriorate, people in poor and developing countries can suffer from increasing food prices as food expenditures in many low income countries exceeds 30% and even 40% of final consumption expenditures.