As per the study conducted by Yale University on environment performance, Switzerland, Latvia and Norway came up as the strongest performers and Iraq, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan emerged as the weakest performers, for the year 2012. EPI ranks countries based on various indicators, covering environment, human health, ecosystem vitality etc. As seen from the graph, ( EPI Vs GDP per capita), the top performers, come from European countries with high per capita income levels ( with the exception of Costa Rica, Rank 5, a middle income country, investing heavily into ecosystem based development). Developing countries and low income countries, on an average, fared poorly due to lack of basic infrastructure like access to safe drinking water, poor sanitation and environmental burden of disease. The study triggered various policy measures across the globe like “Going Green Initiative” adopted by companies in India, investments in safe drinking water and modern sanitation techniques taken up by some of the developing economies, and a check on carbon emissions by airline and other automobile industries.
The current state standards for drinking water in the United States do not take into account the harmful impurities that have appeared in it, such as metals and chemicals. "Today, thousands of toxic substances, organic and inorganic, enter the house of every American through the water supply system", - summarizes Philip Hart, a Senator from Michigan. That's why in the US bottles of spring water are sold in each grocery store, and all machines have long been accustomed to the machines that sell it.
The worst drought to affect South Africa in the last century is further damaging the economic strength of the county's sugar sector. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, South Africa was expected to harvest 1.61 million metric tons of sugar during the 2016/2017 marketing year, a decrease of 5.5 percent from the previous marketing year and the lowest marketed-yield since 1995. Sugar producers are already grappling with competition from cheap imports, forcing some mills to remain closed and reducing employment in the sector.Note: Precipitation amounts less than 0.5 mm have been replaced with "0" values.
No matter your perspective on global warming, data confirms immense growth of CO2 emissions during the period from 1753-2004, from 3 million to 4.2 billion metric tons of carbon.China and the United States combined are responsible for almost 40 percent of today's global CO2 emissions.On a per capita basis, US CO2 emissions stabilized at 5 metric tons per person in the early 1980s. In contrast, China's per capita CO2 emissions are relatively low at 1.4 metric tons. Such per capita discrepancies are standard between developed and developing countries and are central to the call globally to ensure climate-friendly economic growth and...