Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national official sources.
Definition: Persons convicted are persons found guilty by any legal body duly authorised to do so under national law, whether the conviction was later upheld or not.
.. - data not available
Break in methodlogy (2000): Significantly reduced number of convictions between 1999 and 2000: the decline is due to diversion which is now applicable to adults in criminal law.
Change in definition (1990): Juveniles: data refer to persons aged less than 19. Persons, who were convicted more than once in the indicated year are multiple-counted.
Change in definition (1995 - 2001): Juveniles: data refer to persons aged less than 19.
Break in methodlogy (2000): Until 1997 data are based on the activity of the regional and district courts on penal trials of general, private and administrative character. Since 1998 the information for the activity of military courts is also included.
Break in methodlogy (2012): Since 2012 data include activities of the Special Criminal Court.
Found guilty includes guilty of the charged offence, of an included offence, of an attempt of the charged offence, or of an attempt of an included offence. This category also includes cases where an absolute or conditional discharge has been imposed. Data refer to fiscal year (April 1 through March 31 of following year). 1995-2004: data do not cover all provinces and territories. Adult is a person of age 18+ at the time of the offence. Juvenile is a person aged 12 to 17 y.o at the time of the offence.
Data refer to the Government controlled area only.
Includes convictions of both serious crimes (in violation of the Penal Code) and minor offences, as well as traffic violations.
Change in definition (2000 - 2012): Data include not only imprisonment but also e.g. fines, ban on activity, etc.
Break in methodlogy (2007): From 1980 to 2006, data refer to all persons with a decision, incl. acquitted and prosecutor dropped. From 2007, data cover only those who are convicted.
Break in methodlogy (1990): Change in laws and methodology.
Break in methodlogy (2000): Offences against the Road Traffic Act carrying imprisonment as penalty were transferred to the Penal code on 1 October 1999.
Additional information (1995 - 2002): Amnesties (part of convictions was not registered).
Change in definition (1980 - 2012): Data include DOM-TOM.
Provisional value (2012):
Territorial change (1990 onward): Data do not cover Abkhazia AR and Tskhinvali Region.
Territorial change (1980 - 2006): Data refer to former territory of Germany.
Change in definition (1990 - 2004): Juveniles: persons aged up to 17
Change in definition (2000 - 2002): Headline Incidents only being included. Juveniles: 16 years or younger.
Change in definition (1980 - 1990): Convicted juvenile offenders are those tried in juvenile courts.
Change in definition (2000 - 2012): Convicted juvenile offenders are those tried in juvenile courts. Data on persons charged in criminal trials conducted in courts of first instance, who were sentenced during a given year. Since 2000 classification as adults or as juveniles was based on the following criteria, 1) The offender`age at the time crime was committed. 2)The offender`s age at time of the indictment 3)The type of court in which the trial was held.A juvenile offender is a person who meets two out of the three criteria . All other cases are considered to be adults.
Reference period (1980): Data refer to 1981
Reference period (1990): Data refer to 1989
Break in methodlogy (2000): Change in methodology and source
Change in definition (1980 - 2011): Data refers to the convicted persons recorded in the Judicial Database
Break in methodlogy (2000): Change of source as of 2000
Country: Moldova, Republic of
Data exclude the territory of the Transnistria and municipality of Bender
Change in definition (1990 - 2012): Data exclude persons with unknown sex and age.
Change in definition (1980 - 1990): Juveniles: persons aged up to 16.
Change in definition (1995 - 2012): Juveniles: persons aged up to 17.
Convictions is equivalent to Persons convicted because there are no data regarding final convictions.
Territorial change (2000 onward): Data exclude territory of Kosovo and Metohija.
Break in methodology (1995): Change in law. Break in methodology (2013): New amendment to the Criminal Procedure Act enabled the implementation of criminal proceedings and economized trials. This is reflected in the large increase of the number of convicted persons over the previous year. The number of convicted juveniles did not significantly increase during the same period – around 10%.
Break in methodlogy (2008): Before 2007: different source and partial coverage.
Change in definition (1980 - 2013): Juveniles: persons aged between 14 to 17 years.
Change in definition (2000 - 2006): Juveniles: persons aged between 14 to 17 years. Convicted persons are partially reported by sex.
Change in definition (1980 onwards): Data refer to number of convictions. One person can contribute with more than one conviction during a calendar year. Includes attempts, assistance, preparation and conspiracy to commit an offence.
Additional information (1990 - 1995): Data are not complete (Juvenile convictions are not available)
Change in definition (1990 - 2012): Only convicted persons for felonies and misdemeanours.
2005: break in series: introduction of changes in laws. 2009: break in series: change in data compilation method. Data refer to the number of sentence decisions rendered for accused persons at criminal courts in accordance with Turkish Criminal Law and special laws for 2009 and later. Total excludes judicial person, foreign national and unknown sex and age for 2009 and later.
From 2014 data cover the territories under the government control.
Country: United Kingdom
Change in definition (2008 - onwards): For total convicted persons, male and female may not add up to total because the sex is not always recorded
Country: United Kingdom
Territorial change (1980): Data refer to England and Wales only.
Country: United States
Adults: data represent felony conviction in state and federal courts. 1995: data refer to 1994.